Before antibiotics, there was no effective treatment for infections such as fever, smallpox, cholera, and pneumonia.
Before antibiotics, hospitals overflowed with sick patients and the doctors who could do little for sick patients, resulting in high morbidity and mortality worldwide. With the introduction of antibiotics, the medical world revolutionized. With antibiotics, the treatment of critical diseases was now possible, which led to eradicating diseases such as diphtheria and reducing morbidity and mortality. By definition, an antibiotic is a drug made up of compounds produced by bacteria and fungi used for killing the bacteria or making it hard for bacteria to grow and multiply within the body – the substance in the antibiotics is produced by one microorganism selectively stop the growth of another.
The Role of Antibiotics
Antibiotics, also known as antibacterial or antimicrobial medicines, are used to treat and prevent infections caused by bacteria by killing or slowing the bacteria’s development as t he body’s natural defenses work together to eradicate the illness. A broad spectrum of antibiotics is used for severe infections, meaning one antibiotic is used effectively against multiple infections. On a narrow spectrum, antibiotics are effective against a number of bacteria, ones that have yet to identified. Additionally, bacteria can be prescribed precautionary to prevent the development of infections, especially in the case of high risk. For example, immunosuppresses patients are prescribed antibiotic s to prevent the development of bacterial infections.
Antibiotic Resistance and Solutions
In the medical field, antibiotic resistance is becoming more of a problem. While antibiotics are significant in health and wellness, there many health professionals who are resistant to antibiotics. Their cognitive resistance is based on their biases about the overprescribing of antibiotics, which is extremely detrimental to health care. Antibiotics used too frequently or for incorrect reasons altered the body’s natural bacterial defenses to the point where they are no longer effective against germs. Because some bacteria don’t always clear up by themselves, bacteria can spread to other areas in the bodies and treat infections such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, and gonorrhea are becoming more challenging to treat effectively.
The resistance to an antibiotic is rising dangerously high worldwide, with resistance mechanisms emerging rapidly. However, antibiotic resistance can be prevented and controlled by the health industry doing the following:
Regulate and encourage the safe use of antibiotics
Invest in the creation of new antibiotics, vaccines, diagnostics, and other instruments via research and development.
Antibiotics should only be prescribed and dispensed only when necessary, according to current standards.
Make information on the effects of antibiotic resistance available.
Antibiotics only treat bacterial infections, so viral infections such as cough and sore throat are not treatable with antibiotics. Also, antibiotics have noticeably side effects, which only affect you when you don’t use the antibiotics as recommended. The side effects are being and feeling sick, bloating and indigestion, allergic reaction, and diarrhea. If antibiotics continue to be taken incorrectly, the extra dose of the antibiotics is likely to cause severe internal harm. Therefore, antibiotics should only be uses when they are needed and as prescribed.