Headlines:

Sleep Disorders

A heart-healthy and “stroke-free” world through policy development

Supporting the Health Care Workforce During the COVID-19 Epidemic

Characteristics of Hospitalized Adults With COVID-19

Nygard’s Commitment to a Breast Cancer Cure Continues

Late Effects and Healthy Living: Lessons for Childhood Cancer Survivors

Eating Disorders: Anorexia and Bulimia

A Change in Lighting Helps Aging Eyesight

Women’s Hearts Need Attention

Dentists Help Patients Say Goodnight to Sleep Issues

Don’t Lose Sight of the Eye Health ?ABCs’

New Cancer Test Helps Men Reduce Unnecessary Prostate Biopsies

Aging and Changes in Physical and Mental Health

Signs and Symptoms That You May Be at Risk for Hypothyroidism

Explore the Next Generation of Immune System Support

Helping Valley People Manage The Cost of Insulin

6 Things Young Adults Should Know About Managing Their Health Care

Can Excess Exercising Worsen Health?

Get the Facts About Cataracts and Surgery

Helping Manage The Cost of Asthma And COPD Inhalers

Biomechanics In Medicine

7th Heaven Mom Advocates Prescription Drug Safety

Patients Have New Role In Health Research

From COVID to Migraines, FDA Cleared Device Provides Non-Drug Safe Pain Relief

Transforming Health Research on the High Plains

Artificial Tissue and Organs

Should scientists work to make computers displace doctors?

Diabetes and Eyes, What Your Vision is Trying to Tell You

Cancer and Male Fertility: Know Your Options

Amazing Homeopathic Medicines

How to Manage Cancer-Related Pain

Protect Your Health During Cancer Treatment

Viral Infection and Powerful Treatments

Breaking the Addiction: Wave Goodbye to Smoking

Cancer treatment and research 2021

Mental Health Patients Reap Benefits of Psychoanalysis

Back Pain: Chiropractic Care First, Medicine Second, Surgery Last

Should there be state regulation of fast food chains?

Next Generation Supplements Make Menopause Less Stressful

Add Essentials to Your Diet With Avocado Oil

Pediatric Cancer Landscape Calls for Global Outreach

Compare Your Health Care Options Online

Dietary Supplement Improves Cognition in Alzheimer’s

Effects Of Smoking, Alcohol Consumption, And Drug Abuse On Human Health

Protect Your Heart Through Your Legs

Whole New Way to Shop For Health Insurance Coming in October 2022

Autism: a disease or a variant of norm?

Diabetics Now Have More, Diverse Beverage Choices

Should Teens Be Able To Obtain Birth Control Pills?

Secure Future Health With Stem Cell Storage

Should there be state regulation of fast-food chains?

Medicare’s 5-star Special Enrollment Period for 2022 Underway

Investing in Your Future Health With American CryoStem

Company Steps Up to Keep Health Care Workers Healthy

COVID-19 Leaves Lasting Impact on Heart Health

Are You Kidding? Belly Fat Can Save My Life?

Your Weight Matters: Take the Pledge to Talk to a Healthcare Provider

Alzheimer’s disease: is it possible to battle it?

Discover the Potential Immune-System Benefits of Vitamin D

Making Headway Against Traumatic Brain Injuries

Doctors Have the Highest Mortality Rate from Covid-19

Peyton Manning Throws a Hail Mary Pass With Stem Cell Therapy

What drives healthcare cost in the US in 2021 ?

International NASH Day Draws Attention to Severe Liver Disease

Shift Workers Risk More Than Insomnia

Should there be an opt-in or opt-out donor system?

Should the state provide free health care to homeless people?

Resources to Help Family Caregivers

Are You Ready? The Health Insurance Marketplace Is Coming

Should doctors quit their jobs not to deal with COVID-19 ?

Military Veterans, Here’s What You Need to Consider About Medicare

Traveling and Constipation

Who should decide whether to place an elderly in the elderly center? A person himself, children, or health care specialist?

Sleep Apnea May Cause You to Snooze on the Job

Is the French doctor suggestions to test the vaccine in Africa is a sound strategy or an act of racism?

It’s Time to Decide: Which Health Plan Is Right for You?

Adult Stem Cell Research Is Growing Possibilities

An At-Home Study on Heart Health And AFib Detection

Stroke Survivors with Aphasia May Be Able to Recover Language Skills

How should the issue of obesity be treated?

5 Tips to Help Older Adults Stay Apart, Not Alone During COVID-19

Should people be encouraged to homeopathy first?

Doctors Have the Highest Mortality Rate from Covid-19. What are the ways to decrease it?

Medicare Open Enrollment Is Here

Childhood Cancer Can Lead to Infertility

Students’ Mental Health Must Figure in Plans to Restart Classes

Sweet Advice to Ease Coughs

Chiropractic Care Has Its Place in Pregnancy

Yale OB/GYN Offers Helpful Tips to Prep for Pregnancy

Banking on Your Health

Should the state refuse to import the products, obtained at the cost of someone’s health?

Oh, My Aching Head—Managing Headaches With Chiropractic Care

Can medical research pose a threat? If yes, what are the ways to mitigate it?

Should scientists research options for people to become immortal?

Should a doctor be able to provide medical care to a minor despite their parent’s wish?

The National Children’s Cancer Society Observes 25 Years

Study Shows Older Americans Are Coping Best During the Pandemic

Should surrogate pregnancy be used on-demand or only for health reasons?

New Campaign “Rewrites” Special Days for People Living With Chronic Migraine

End Agonizing Mouth Pain the Natural Way

Generic selectors
Exact matches only
Search in title
Search in content
Post Type Selectors
Sleep Disorders
Sleep-disorder

Date

Sleep disorders are conditions where in the normal sleeping pattern is disturbed.

This can then affect the quality, quantity, or schedule of sleeping depending on the type. Commonly, sleep disorders occur due to stress, mental illnesses, medical conditions, medications, lifestyle, or aging(Roddick & Cherney, 2020; Medline Plus,2021).

And while frequently overlooked, having a sleep disorder can affect not only sleep but also daily activities as the sleep deprivation and lethargy caused by sleep disorders can impact energy,concentration, and body function. Furthermore, it also affects the quality and longevity of life.

According to Colten & Altevogt (2006), long-term effects of sleep disorders are associated with increased risk for  hypertension, diabetes, obesity,depression, heart attack, and stroke as cumulative sleep loss disrupts optimal body function.

Some symptoms of sleep disorders include difficulty in falling asleep or prolonging sleep, frequent napping, abnormal breathing patterns while sleeping (e.g. loud snoring, gasping), irregular sleeping schedule, irritability,and unusual or unpleasant experiences or movements during sleep.However, it is important to note that experiencing these symptoms may not always pertain to a sleep disorder and symptoms vary depending on the type of sleep disorder(Roddick & Cherney, 2020; Medline Plus,2021; Smith,Robinson, & Segal, 2020).

Types of Sleep Disorders

Sleep disorders can be categorized by their effect or their cause. There are over 90 types of sleep disorders, but the common types are insomnia, sleep apnea, restless leg syndrome (RLS),narcolepsy,and parasomnia(Colten &Altevogt, 2006; Mayo Clinic, 2019)

Insomnia

Insomnia is the most common sleep disorder, affecting 10% to 30% of adults,yet most often overlooked.It is characterized by persistent difficulty in sleep onset, maintenance, and difficulty in sleeping at a better schedule.There are two types of insomnia, short-term insomnia or acute insomnia,and chronic insomnia.

Short-term insomnia usually occurs due to a stressful event and lasts less than three months as the person copes with the stressful event. While chronic insomnia also occurs due to stressful events, it can also be due to other factors like irregular sleep schedules, poor hygiene,and mental health disorders. And chronic insomnia persists for three months or more with episodes happening at least three times a week (Suni, 2021).

To be diagnosed with insomnia, symptoms must persist for at least 3 months despite the opportunity for a good sleep nightly.There will also be a medical exam and questionnaire to be answered to ensure if symptoms are purely because of insomnia or an underlying medical condition.

One may also opt to document their sleep and wake cycle, and alcohol and caffeine intake a week or two before the doctor’s appointment to help the doctor evaluate.It can be treated through cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia(CBTi),sleep-inducing medications, or both (Fry, 2020).

Sleep apnea

Sleep apnea is characterized by abnormal breathing patterns during sleep.With sleep apnea, breathing is labored or lapses (pauses) or the person is snoring that involves gasping, choking, or snorting which can wake the person from sleep,deprive the body of sufficient oxygen supply, and cause excessive daytime sleepiness and morning headaches.

There are three kinds of sleep apnea,CSA (central sleep apnea),OSA(obstructive sleep apnea), and mixed sleep apnea. OSA occurs due to blockage of the throat. CSA occurs due to problems in the control of the respiratory muscles by the brain. While mixed sleep apnea occurs when the person both has OSA and CSA (Suni, 2020).To be diagnosed, a simple appointment with the doctor is needed.Sometimes, the doctor may also conduct an overnight sleep study. Once diagnosed, treatment for sleep apnea may include lifestyle changes, sleeping side-lying, and nightly use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)machineto open the air way (Suni, 2020).

Restless Leg Syndrome Restless leg syndrome (RLS)or Willis-Ekbom disease is characterized by tingling, prickling,or uncomfortable sensation in the legs while lying down or sitting down for too long that creates an undeniable urge for leg movement.However, it may also occur in the arm, chest, and head although it is uncommon.

Often, both legs are affected but may only persist in one or alternate between either leg.It also worsens at night making it difficult to sleep. Some causes of RLS are genetics, iron deficiency, uremia,depression, diabetes,and medications (Cleveland Clinic, 2020).

And while there is no specific test to diagnose RLS,there is a criterion for it that the doctor uses in their evaluation. The criterion includes the experience of unpleasant sensations in the legs that causes an overwhelming urge to move it in relief, exacerbation of the sensation sat night,and symptoms that are not due to a medical or behavioral condition.

Treatment for RLS may involve drug therapy like ingesting iron supplements,benzodiazepines, or anti-seizure drugs,or non-drug treatments like applying heating pads or cold compress and establishing good sleeping habits(National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, n.d.; Clevel and Clinic, 2020).

Parasomnia

Parasomnia refers to any abnormal behavior before sleeping, during sleeping, or during arousal from sleeping that can be due to lack of sleep,medical conditions, stress, or medications. There are two general types of parasomnias, non-rapid eye movement (non-REM) sleep and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep.

Non-REM sleep or arousal disorders happen during the first three stages of sleep and involve physical and verbal activity with the person not fully awake and non responsive. While REM sleep happens during the three non-REM stages of sleep wherein eyes move rapidly under the eyelids, and breathing, heart rate, and blood pressure increase due to vivid dreaming(Cleveland Clinic, 2020).

Diagnosis for parasomnia involves are view of medical history, sleep diary,and polysomnogram (an overnight analysis of sleeping behavior). Treatment for it depends on the type but it often involves medications, and CBT(Nunez, 2020).

Complementary health approaches

Aside from the standard treatment given by the doctor, one may also opt todo complementary health approaches to help solve sleep disorders. One approachmay be doing relaxation techniques before sleeping like meditation. Another may be taking melatonin supplements to promote good sleep. Or doing relaxation therapy like yoga or acupuncture. Or ingesting herbs or dietary supplements like chamomile teas.

Despite approaches being out of the standard treatment, it is always better to consult the doctor before doing any complementary health approaches to ensure safety (National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health,n.d.).

Facebook
Twitter
Reddit
LinkedIn
Email

More
articles

Join DBN Today!

Let DBN help guide you to success!

Doctors Business Network offers everything new and existing health care providers need to establish and build a successful career! Sign up with DBN today and let us help you succeed!

DBN Blog